Category Archives: antropologija

Mardi Gras and Multitasking. More in Common Than You Might Think. | Risk: Reason and Reality | Big Think

Is that article you’re reading getting kind of long? Just bookmark it and click on to something else…save the work of paying attention for later. Got to a tough spot in that essay you’re writing or project you’re working on, that needs a little pondering to figure out where to go next? Just hit save and check out your Tweet stream. Is the conversation among your friends losing interest? Whip out your smart phone and check… whatever. (How many times have you seen THAT happen? Or DONE it!?) Why pay attention, if you have an easier way out?

Mardi Gras and Multitasking. More in Common Than You Might Think. | Risk: Reason and Reality | Big Think.

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija, bihevioralna ekonomija, psihologija

The hows and whys of human attraction | TLS

You’ve heard that 150 is an approximate upper limit on the number of our family-and-friend relationships because that’s how many connections we can track? That’s Dunbar. You’ve read the theory that language evolved as a sort of replacement for hands-on grooming among our primate relatives when group size got big? That’s Dunbar too. Now, in The Science of Love and Betrayal, Dunbar, who is Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology at Oxford, asks seductive questions about love and friendship. Why do men and women pair-bond when so many other animals don’t? How do biology and sociality intersect in explaining human attraction to others?

The hows and whys of human attraction | TLS.

Nastavi čitati

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija

Drive to Impress Females Pushes Males Toward Early Graves | LinkedIn

Drive to Impress Females Pushes Males Toward Early Graves | LinkedIn.

While the findings do support an evolutionary trend toward sacrificing long-term health for short-term benefit, “Another possibility is that there’s more than one way to have a successful reproductive life, by playing either the short or the long game,” said Preston. “It’s possible that less gaudy males enjoy more limited reproductive success but do so over a longer period of time.”

Reproductive imperatives and metabolic consequences might follow the same rules in Houbara bustards as in humans, among whom female life expectancy tends to be significantly longer.

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija, znanost

Rise of the Planet of the Apes: a review of brain-boosting research. – By Torie Bosch – Slate Magazine

Rise of the Planet of the Apes: a review of brain-boosting research. – By Torie Bosch – Slate Magazine.

So I wondered: What kind of neuroenhancers are actually in the real-world pipeline right now? Not many. Scientists with a knack for brain chemistry tend to focus on treatments for illnesses like Alzheimer’s, dementia, and stroke, rather than on just-for-kicks enhancements.

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija, znanost

Sex selection in the United States: The ethical dilemmas for doctors. – By Sunita Puri – Slate Magazine

Sex selection in the United States: The ethical dilemmas for doctors. – By Sunita Puri – Slate Magazine.

Unlike their Chinese and Indian counterparts, who cannot legally offer sex selection, American doctors are left to decide on a case-by-case basis whether to perform these procedures, without any consistent ethical guidelines. The reasons American women undergo them are complex, from situations that don’t seem particularly troubling (the upper-middle-class woman who wants a daughter to “balance out” her three boys) to those that are deeply concerning (the immigrant woman who wants a son to avoid emotional abuse by her in-laws).

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija, znanost

Fooled by Science by H. Allen Orr | The New York Review of Books

Fooled by Science by H. Allen Orr | The New York Review of Books.

you might expect The Social Animal to be a dry recitation of facts. But Brooks has structured his book in an unorthodox, and perhaps unfortunate, way. Instead of a chapter on evolutionary psychology, followed by one on child development, and so on, he tells a story. Following Rousseau’s approach in Émile, Brooks makes his larger points within a fictional narrative. This literary conceit is presumably intended both to keep the reader’s attention and to provide a natural frame for all the research that Brooks reports. So as the characters in his narrative live through childhood, we hear about the science of child development, and as they begin to date we hear about the biochemistry of sexual attraction. Nothing if not thorough, Brooks carries this conceit through to the death of one of his characters.Although Brooks’s scientific message is frustratingly unfocused, he emphasizes that the new sciences of human nature have revealed, among other things, the importance of the unconscious. Indeed “the central evolutionary truth is that the unconscious matters most.”

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija, kultura, znanost

Being human – FT.com

Being human – FT.com.

But although much of the theoretical content of Aping Mankind is unconvincing – to which might be added that the book is twice as long as it needs to be and unpleasantly boorish in tone – it is, nonetheless, an important work. Tallis is right to point out that a fundamental shift in our self-perception is under way and frequently going too far. It is, however, possible to question these developments in a more measured way, as shown by Naked Genes: Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age by Helga Nowotny, a leading sociologist of science, and the biologist Giuseppe Testa. Their book is a subtle and sophisticated analysis of how the life sciences are shifting our view of ourselves and the challenges this is posing.

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija, znanost

HOW, AND WHEN, TO MAKE A DECISION – More Intelligent Life

 

 

 

Nešto za moje heurističare…

HOW, AND WHEN, TO MAKE A DECISION.

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija

Frontal Cortex | Wired Science

Jonah Lehrer ne vjeruje da su Tversky i Gilovich u pravu, tj. da postoji “vruća ruka” i “hladna ruka” u košarci; ali potom ide još gora pristranost – prema kojoj su argumenti smišljeni za “grooming” a ne za dokazivanje istine.

Frontal Cortex | Wired Science | Wired.com.

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija, ekonomija, znanost

Why America Needs Better Immigration – The Atlantic

The Migration Integration Policy Index (MIPEX) rates the EU nations’ (plus Norway, Switzerland, Canada, and the U.S. — 31 countries in all) efforts to integrate immigrants according to 148 policy indicators, which range from opportunities for education and political participation to levels of protection against discrimination, from prospects for reuniting with family to the likelihood of achieving permanent residence status and citizenship.

For those keeping score, Sweden ranked first, Portugal second, and Canada third. The U.S. was ninth! The map below shows the scores for the 31 countries measured by the Index.

This new Index is an important advance in the way we measure openness to immigrants. Previous studies, including my own previous work on the subject, for example, in The Flight of the Creative Class, gauge openness or tolerance by measuring the share of immigrants in the general population, or more commonly, with reference to surveys of attitudes toward immigrants, racial and ethnic minorities, or other excluded groups. The MIPEX measures something different and deeper — the degree to which nations successfully integrate and proactively include immigrants. Still it is closely correlated with those other measures of openness and tolerance, such as Gallup surveys which measure openness to ethnic and racial minorities (.66) and to gays and lesbians (.68).

putemThe Melting Pot That Isn’t: Why America Needs Better Immigration – Richard Florida – Business – The Atlantic.

Komentiraj

Filed under antropologija, civilizacija, kultura