Tag Archives: bioetika

Ethics of prescribing fake medicine. – Slate

When is it kosher for doctors to prescribe placebos?

Plenty of doctors already give placebos as medicine. In a survey of 679 physicians published in 2008, more than 46 percent of respondents said they regularly prescribe placebos, usually in the form of a relatively harmless drug that they know has no effectiveness for the patient’s complaint. Bioethicists generally frown on such deceptions, out of concern that these lies will erode the patient-physician relationship…

putem“Open placebos” and the ethics of prescribing fake medicine. – By Christie Aschwanden – Slate Magazine.

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Filed under znanost

The Repugnant Conclusion (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Ovo je zapravo za human blog:

The Repugnant Conclusion highlights a problem in an area of ethics which has become known as population ethics. The last three decades have witnessed an increasing philosophical interest in questions such as “Is it possible to make the world a better place by creating additional happy people?” and “Is there a moral obligation to have children?” The main problem has been to find an adequate theory about the moral value of states of affairs where the number of people, the quality of their lives, and their identities may vary.

putem The Repugnant Conclusion (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

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Filed under antropologija, filozofija

‘The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks,’ – NYTimes.com

From the very beginning there was something uncanny about the cancer cells on Henrietta Lacks’s cervix. Even before killing Lacks herself in 1951, they took on a life of their own. Removed during a biopsy and cultured without her permission, the HeLa cells (named from the first two letters of her first and last names) reproduced boisterously in a lab at Johns Hopkins — the first human cells ever to do so. HeLa became an instant biological celebrity, traveling to research labs all over the world. Meanwhile Lacks, a vivacious 31-year-old African-American

putem Book Review – ‘The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks,’ by Rebecca Skloot – Review – NYTimes.com.

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Filed under antropologija, filozofija

Novi bioetički skandal: Slučaj Markingson – Hastings Center Bioethics Forum

During the years after Dan Markingson committed suicide in an industry-sponsored drug study at the University of Minnesota, his mother looked for justice anywhere she could find it.

..There is simply very little protection for human subjects in privately-sponsored clinical trials. More surprising is the way that Ms. Weiss’ desperate efforts at justice are now being used against her. As calls to investigate her son’s suicide have escalated, University of Minnesota officials have repeatedly refused to look into the case, arguing that the university has already been exonerated by other agencies, especially the FDA.

Bioethics Forum blog – How the FDA Got the Markingson Case Wrong.

Nastavak polemike…

It’s hard to say what is most horrifying in Carl Elliott’s report in the current issue of Mother Jones of a young man who died caught up in a pharma study run out of the University of Minnesota.

Read more here:

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Filed under antropologija

Bioethics Forum – Yanomamo polemika još nije gotova!

Last week, the journal Human Nature published via open access an article I wrote following a year of historical research. That article, “Darkness’s Descent on the American Anthropological Association: A Cautionary Tale,” traces how, in 2000 to 2002, leaders in the American Anthropological Association (AAA) aided and abetted the false claims put forth by the self-styled anthropological journalist Patrick Tierney in his book Darkness in El Dorado and in a related New Yorker article.

Tierney’s claims of outrageously unethical behavior by the anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon and the late geneticist-physician James V. Neel Sr. towards the Yanomamö people of South America did much to besmirch Chagnon’s and Neel’s reputations. But what made the whole matter much worse was the way that the AAA proceeded, namely by using Tierney’s book as a roadmap for a major – though massively flawed – ethics investigation of Chagnon and Neel…

The free-for-all, conducted in violation of the AAA’s own ethics code (which, as Tom Gregor and Dan Gross noted in American Anthropologist in 2004, prohibited adjudication of claims of unethical behavior), ultimately included such amazing manifestations as postings at the AAA Web site of claims that Chagnon had paid his subjects to murder each other and had offered to pay murderers per killing. For his part, Neel was repeatedly likened to a Nazi experimenter, one who treated the Yanomamö essentially as lab rats for his supposedly “fascistic” “eugenic” theories.

Why did the AAA run amok?

Bioethics Forum blog – Time for the American Anthropological Association to Apologize.

Editorial of Human Nature:
Evolutionary anthropologists were very disturbed by what seemed to be a witch-hunting psychology that rippled through the AAA meetings, the AAA-sponsored investigation, and subsequent web postings. A number of us decided that we needed to legitimize ourselves and our students’ presence in the AAA by forming a new section, the Evolutionary Anthropology Society (EAS), rather than forming a separate society as had the membership of the American Association of Physical Anthropology and the Human Biology Association.

Unfortunately, we now know that this is not at all past history…

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Filed under antropologija, Way off Broadway