Na svom blogu Frontal Cortex u časopisu Wired, Jonah Lehrer piše o ograničenjima kao poticajima za kreativnost. Prenosimo.
Tag Archives: heuristike
Nešto za moje heurističare…
Results showed that choosers made fewer proposals (positive dating decisions) at events in which the available dates showed greater variety across such attributes as age, height, occupation and education, and this effect was particularly strong when choosers were confronted with a larger number of opposite-sex speed daters.
Još jedan članak na istu temu u koautorstvu Petera Todda: http://www.indiana.edu/~abcwest/pmwiki/pdf/lenton.ieee.2008.pdf
Jonah Lehrer ne vjeruje da su Tversky i Gilovich u pravu, tj. da postoji “vruća ruka” i “hladna ruka” u košarci; ali potom ide još gora pristranost – prema kojoj su argumenti smišljeni za “grooming” a ne za dokazivanje istine.
How can you do the right thing? People are sometimes told: Be rational, not emotional. Such advice adopts the widespread assumption that reason and emotion are opposites. This opposition is particularly acute in ethics, where philosophers and psychologists have long debated the relative roles in ethical thinking of abstract inference and emotional intuitions. This debate concerns both the descriptive question about how people actually do think when they are making ethical judgments and the normative question of how they should think.
Therapist-free therapy, March 3, 2011.
Cognitive-bias modification may put the psychiatrist’s couch out of business
Cognitive-bias modification (CBM) appears to be effective after only a few 15-minute sessions, and involves neither drugs nor the discussion of feelings. It does not even need a therapist. All it requires is sitting in front of a computer and using a program that subtly alters harmful thought patterns.
This simple approach has already been shown to work for anxiety and addictions, and is now being tested for alcohol abuse, post-traumatic-stress disorder and several other disturbances of the mind. It is causing great excitement among researchers.
Slične teme iz Economista:
Making the right decision
The Social Animal: The Hidden Sources of Love, Character and Achievement. By David Brooks. Random House
The author’s aim is to show how recent research has illuminated the complex processes of the brain. “We have inherited an obsolete, shallow model of human nature,” he argues. Study after study, many of them little known, show that people take decisions about their jobs, relationships, actions and morals in ways that involve a complex interaction between the conscious and the unconscious mind. The most important decisions begin in the realm of the unconscious, although they are often influenced by the conscious.
Why Are Easy Decisions So Hard? By Jonah Lehrer
By Wray Herbert Border Bias and Our Perception of Risk: Scientific American. Our mental maps of risk and safety rely too heavily on imaginary boundaries.
Ljudi doživljavaju imaginarne (političke) granice na zemljopisnim kartama kao zaštitu (recimo od radioaktivnosti).
Nastavak istraživanja heuristika neurološkim sredstvima…