Tag Archives: pristranosti

The Evolution of Prejudice: Scientific American

we know far less about why people are prone to prejudice in the first place. New research, using monkeys, suggests that the roots lie deep in our evolutionary past.

putemThe Evolution of Prejudice: Scientific American.

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Filed under antropologija, znanost

Social Animal – By David Brooks – NYTimes.com

Thomas Nagel o novoj knjizi Davida Brooksa “The Social Animal”

The meat of the book is in its general claims about human nature and society. The main idea is that there are two levels of the mind, one unconscious and the other conscious, and that the first is much more important than the second in determining what we do.

The main problem that Brooks addresses in this book is how to understand the relation between these two mental domains. His aim is to “counteract a bias in our culture. The conscious mind writes the autobiography of our species. Unaware of what is going on deep down inside, the conscious mind assigns itself the starring role. It gives itself credit for performing all sorts of tasks it doesn’t really control.”

više: Book Review – The Social Animal – By David Brooks – NYTimes.com.

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Filed under antropologija, filozofija, znanost

4 Problems With Our Brains That Cause Us To Make Dumb Decisions

We humans do many stupid things. But sometimes it’s not our fault, it’s just how our brains naturally function.

Psychology Today and PsyBlog write about four things humans are inclined to do that cause us to make poor decisions.

1. We treat inferences as facts

2. Polarized Thinking

3. Intensional Orientation: Viewing people, objects, and events in terms of labels rather than how they actually exist or operate. The problem is that many people never get past the labels.

4. Extensional Orientation: Viewing people, objects, and events by their actual existence or operation and then (if then) through their labels.

 4 Problems With Our Brains That Cause Us To Make Dumb Decisions.

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Filed under antropologija

Cognitive-bias modification – Therapist-free therapy | The Economist

Evo konačno standarni posao za humanovce:
Therapist-free therapy, March 3, 2011.

Cognitive-bias modification may put the psychiatrist’s couch out of business

Cognitive-bias modification (CBM) appears to be effective after only a few 15-minute sessions, and involves neither drugs nor the discussion of feelings. It does not even need a therapist. All it requires is sitting in front of a computer and using a program that subtly alters harmful thought patterns.

This simple approach has already been shown to work for anxiety and addictions, and is now being tested for alcohol abuse, post-traumatic-stress disorder and several other disturbances of the mind. It is causing great excitement among researchers.

više: Psychiatry: Therapist-free therapy | The Economist.

Slične teme iz Economista:

Thesis, antithesis, synthesis(26)
A new manual for diagnosing diseases of the psyche (Feb 2010)(21)
The evolutionary origins of depression (Jun 2009)(43)
Topic page: Mental health

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Filed under antropologija, Way off Broadway

Border Bias and Our Perception of Risk: Scientific American

By Wray Herbert Border Bias and Our Perception of Risk: Scientific American. Our mental maps of risk and safety rely too heavily on imaginary boundaries.

Ljudi doživljavaju imaginarne (političke) granice na zemljopisnim kartama kao zaštitu (recimo od radioaktivnosti).

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Filed under Way off Broadway